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Fruit Growing

GARDEN OF HONOR JUSTICE MISSION FOR CHILDREN FRUIT GROWING PROJECT

PROJECT PROPOSALGARDEN OF HONOR JUSTICE MISSION FOR CHILDREN (GHJMC) SUSTAINABLE INTEGRATED FRUIT TREE GROWING (GREEN UGANDA Vs NUTRITION AND CHILDREN’S HEALTH) PROJECT.

GHJMC,GREATER MASAKA, UGANDA

Project Duration: 25 YEARS

Submitted to:
Total Budget (UGX) : 403,491,650 /=
US$ : 115,283.3

GHJMC contribution : Land, skilled and un skilled labour.

Amount Requested : 403,491,650 /=

Contact Person: EDWARD JJUUKO |
Mob.+256700327764

Table of Contents:
1. Project Summary

2. Background and context

3. Problem statement and project rationale

4. Project description

5. Key social indicators

6. Project implementation

7. Project coordination and management

8. Monitoring and evaluation

9. Budget

 

1. PROJECT SUMMARY SHEET

SUMMARY

The project entitled “Garden of Honor Justice Mission for Children (GHJMC) Sustainable Integrated Fruit Tree Growing (Green Uganda Vs Nutrition and Children’s Health) Project” will be implemented in grater Masaka areas; Masaka,Lwengo,Rakai,Lyantonde,Ssembabule,Bukomansimbi,Kalungu,Kalangala district.
The project being proposed aims to address vulnerable and orphan’s livelihood needs for income generation, fuelwood, timber, fruit, fodder and other non-timber forest products while halting and reversing the trend of the forest loss and related environmental degradation in greater Masaka district through promoting vegetable and fruit tree growing and agro-forestry systems.

Despite their potential as a food security, poverty alleviation, environmental conservation and sustainable livelihoods strategy, fruit growing and agroforestry practices are currently a relatively low-key economic activity in greater Masaka.

Moreover, although trees and forests being a critical resource for people’s livelihoods, environmental conservation and national economic development, tree and forest resources have significantly diminished in recent years due to an increase in the number of people depending on them for survival as well as a lack of alternatives.

This is partly because of the current low productivity levels and relatively high pre- and post-harvest losses due to pests and diseases and poor produce handling. Production is constrained by the low soil fertility and lacks access to improved high-yielding crop varieties, and essential inputs. Furthermore, pupils (OVCS) have limited knowledge and skills in modern technologies, appropriate farming practices, proper post-harvest handling and quality control, and effective marketing skills. Other barriers include: low technical and organizational capacities of farmers partly due to the limited institutional government support and extension services for many rural farmers and a lack of access to relevant information (including market information), credit/capital and essential farm inputs and tools. The challenge is to support specific changes that will lead to a greater role for forests and tree resources in the livelihoods of the poor .This project will assist in addressing some of these barriers.

The long-term goal of the project is to contribute to the eradication of poverty, food insecurity and fostering a lasting high quality of life for the local pupils in grater Masaka while safeguarding long-term environmental sustainability by growing fruits (including fruit and multi-purpose trees) and promoting agroforestry systems. Its mission is: “planting fruit trees for healthier populations and better environment”. The medium-term development goal of the project is to enhance the ability of pupils’ (OVC’s) in grater Masaka, to increase and sustain agricultural production for improved food security, nutrition and income generation while at the same time safeguarding the environment by adopting sustainable agricultural practices and appropriate technologies(green Uganda Vs nutrition and children health). This will be achieved through fostering increased fruit and vegetable growing (including fruit tree and tree planting) production for enhanced food self-sufficiency and increased income generation for the school and enhancing the ability to conserve and protect the environment. The project will encourage and support the schools in the community to transform the schools and the community into economically viable agro-businesses including: market-vegetable gardening, and others. The project will also ensure sustainable agricultural production and safeguard the environment thus students (OVCS) completing primary seven, secondary and tertiary will be job creators not seekers.

The specific objectives of the project are:

(i) To assist the 2500 pupils, particularly from poor and disadvantaged families, to engage in fruit and tree growing and increase vegetable crop production for improved food security and income generation for the community based schools thus enabling the schools to meet the costs of other educational needs such as money for tests ,Lunch for both pupils and teachers, among others.

ii) To promote awareness among the learners of the value and importance of planting trees(including fruit tree and tree lots) for different purposes; how to raise and tend tree seedlings and ways of integrating trees into farming systems through the production and dissemination of public awareness materials.

iii) To enhance capacity of farming households in greater Masaka and surrounding areas to apply appropriate technologies and sustainable farming practices (including: composting, soil and water conservation, integrated pest management, environmentally sustainable application of agrochemicals, etc) through awareness and training workshops, information dissemination and extension services.

iv) To assist pupils (OVCS) to acquire the necessary tools and equipment (e.g. spray pumps, watering cans) and establish proper farm infrastructure, including post-harvest and storage facilities and transportation means.

v) To mobilize and assist the project beneficiaries to organize themselves into Farmers’ groups and a Community Association to manage and sustain the activities initiated under the project and take advantage of the economies of scale in purchase of farm inputs; processing, transportation and marketing of agricultural produce; increase their market share and facilitate better access to credit and other financial services.

Among other activities, the project will:

– Facilitate access to improved seeds and seedlings including fruit tree seedlings.
– Facilitate access to agricultural inputs (including fertilizers, pesticides and farm tools);
– Promote the adoption of modern agricultural technologies by our pupils and teachers;
– Organize workshops and other training activities (farm visits, study tours and dissemination of information and technical training materials) on appropriate sustainable farming practices, including: soil and water.
conservation, integrated fertility management, composting, sylvopastoral systems and integrated pest management);
– Offer on-farm extension support and advisory services, upon request;
– Train, equip and deploy fifty local agricultural extension workers/ animators (change agents);
– Foster competitive marketing of locally produced agricultural products (including through training in harvest and post-harvest handling and quality control skills and technologies);
– Facilitate young farmers access to relevant information, including market prices and credit opportunities;
– Facilitate the establishment of young farmer producers and marketing groups.

The project is expected to improve the livelihoods of the beneficiary young
(OVC) farmers in the project area through enhanced domestic food self-sufficiency, improved nutrition and increased organisation incomes from the sale of the agricultural products. These will in turn result in better health and increased economic productive capacity of the participating pupils (OVC) and teachers. The project will also serve as a catalyst for the local people to engage in other off-farm economic activities and community development initiatives. It will also improve their social networks, self-esteem and overall well-being. It is hoped that the project will serve as a model in greater Masaka districts and that a follow-up project will be developed, building on the experience, best practices and lessons learned from this project.

The project will be implemented over a period of 25 years, i.e. from December 2017– December 2041 in greater Masaka districts, In Uganda, a total of 2500 pupils (OVC) and teachers are expected to benefit directly from the project. Priority will be given to the girl child and those from the most vulnerable families those who are total orphans, single parent child and children living with HIV/AIDS.
The Project will be implemented by GHJMC in close collaboration with the local leaders (Local Councils), and relevant government authorities/ institutions like NARO and NAADS. The project has the necessary capacity and experience to implement the project.

A dedicated project management unit will be established at GHJMC Office at Kyabakuza to undertake the day-to-day implementation of the project. The unit will be composed of a full-time Project Coordinator and an Agricultural Extension Assistant and a full-time Administrative/Accounts Assistant all paid at 50%. A Project Steering Committee comprising of seven members, including Pupils, Teachers, two local women representatives and a local authority official, will be established to provide overall oversight, guidance and direction for the project.

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2. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
Trees and forests are critical resources for people’s livelihoods, environmental conservation and national economic development. In Uganda, forestry contributes about 6% of the GDP of Uganda and more than 90% of the population depends directly on forests for their energy needs (firewood and charcoal), materials for furniture and construction (timber and poles) as well as food and other non-timber forest products (including fruits, nuts, medicinal plants, fodder and other products). Trees and forests also provide critical ecological services including: contributing directly to livelihoods and can complement other key components of poverty reduction (e.g. food production, education and primary health care).

This project aims to contribute to addressing pupil’s (OVC) livelihood needs for income generation, fuelwood, timber, fruit, and fodder and other non-timber forest products while halting and reversal of the forest loss and related environmental degradation in greater Masaka through promoting vegetable and fruit tree growing and agroforestry systems. Through the project, Pupils and Teachers of GHJMC community based schools in greater Masaka Districts will be mobilized and supported to grow vegetables and plant trees for fruit, fuelwood and timber production with a view to enhancing household food security, income generation for the GHJMC programs and biodiversity conservation. At least 8 schools tree nurseries will be established to promote large-scale production of native marketable timber and fruit trees.

The project targets to plant at least 30,000 trees (including fruit trees as well as multi-purpose trees for firewood, poles and shade purposes) and vegetables in first 5 years. The types of fruit trees and vegetables to be grown will be determined by the participating pupils (OVC) and teachers depending on their preferences including: avocado, mango, oranges, guava, jackfruit, papaya and passion fruit; cabbages, pineapple and egg plants, tomatoes, onions among others.

Tree fruit production has a great potential for improving the income earnings, food security and living standards of poor people. On the global scale, considerable potential exists for Uganda to increase fruit production and exploit export markets by capitalizing on the out of season markets in the temperate countries. For this to be successful, however, reliable production of high quality fruit must be guaranteed and the necessary infrastructure must be set in place to ensure that farm-fresh quality fruit is delivered to markets on time. This calls for increased level and efficiency of production.

The project will assist young farmers to adopt agroforestry systems (including establishment woodlots/ tree lots, where feasible), plant trees in degraded catchments areas along and conduct community training and awareness workshops. It will also facilitate the establishment of least 8 schools groups including one community association.

The project will complement and support relevant government policies and programmes. In particular, it will contribute to the implementation of the Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) and National Forest Policy (NFP 2001). The PMA is a strategic and operational framework for agricultural transformation of the livelihoods of the majority of subsistence farmers in Uganda by eradicating poverty through transformation of subsistence agriculture to commercial agriculture. PMA is part of government’s broader strategy of eradicating poverty contained in the Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP) and it is envisaged that the PMA will contribute to achieving the second pillar of the PEAP i.e. “enhancing production, competitiveness and incomes”. This will be achieved through raising farm productivity, increasing the agricultural production that is marketed and creating on and off farm employment.

The stated goal of the NFP 2001 is to achieve: “An integrated forest sector that achieves sustainable increases in the economic, social and environmental benefits from forests and trees by all the people of Uganda, especially the poor and vulnerable”. The policy includes a number of policy statements and strategies on specific areas including: development and sustainable management of natural forests on private land (Policy Statement 2), collaborative forest management (Policy Statement 5), farm forestry (Policy Statement 6); forest biodiversity conservation (Policy Statement 7); watershed management (Policy Statement 8); education, training and research (Policy Statement 10); and supply of tree seed and planting material (Policy Statement 11).
Under Policy Statement 2, the government aims to promote sustainable management of natural forests on private lands, within the context of wider integrated land use and agricultural development needs; while, under Policy Statement 6 on farm forestry, the Government aims to promote and support tree-growing on farms in order to boost land productivity, increase farm incomes, alleviate pressures on natural forests and improve food security.

3. PROBLEM STATEMENT AND PROJECT RATIONALE
Over the last few years, the forest cover in greater Masaka especially in Kalangala district has significantly reduced. Accordingly, the local people reported that many parts of the district had extensive forest and tree cover but now most of it is gone. This has resulted in loss of biodiversity (including medicinal plants and wild animals in the former hunting areas) and severe land degradation due to soil erosion and loss of fertility. The local people note that many areas which used to be very fertile are now barren and the overall agricultural productivity in the area has declined dramatically which is pushing people deeper into poverty. Moreover, pressure on the remaining forests and trees is high as the proportion of people depending up on them for firewood and non-timber products is quite high.

Further, despite its potential contribution to the food security, nutrition and income for the rural population in greater Masaka , fruit growing is a relatively low-key economic activity in locality . Many farmers in the area are oblivious of its economic potential and are generally reluctant to engage in it partly because of the current low productivity levels and relatively high pre- and post-harvest crop losses due to pests and diseases and poor handling. Production is constrained by the low soil fertility and lack access to improved high-yielding crop varieties and essential inputs. Furthermore, local small farmers have limited knowledge and skills in modern technologies, appropriate farming practices, proper post-harvest handling and quality control, and effective marketing skills.

There are also a number of other inter-related constraints and barriers to sustainable fruit growing in the project area including: low technical and organizational capacities of farmers and limited institutional government support and extension services for the local people. The local people in greater Masaka, especially vulnerable, lack extension services and access to relevant information, including market information. They also have no access to credit; they lack capital and essential farm inputs and tools.

There is a need to sensitize, empower and assist the rural farmers to increase agricultural productivity and address potential environmental risks of associated to tree destruction and poor unsustainable small subsistence agricultural practices. This project will assist young farmers to address some of the above-mentioned constraints and other emerging issues and needs so that people in the project area can derive maximum benefit from fruit growing and agroforestry practices as a strategy for improved food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihoods. It will encourage and support the young farmers to transform the current smallholder subsistence farming into economically viable agro-businesses. The project will, inter alia, facilitate access to improved seeds; promote the adoption of modern agricultural technologies by young farmers; provide training in appropriate sustainable farming practices (including: soil and water conservation, integrated fertility management, composting, crop rotation, mulching, intercropping/use of cover crops, sylvopastoral systems and integrated pest management); facilitate the establishment of farmer producer-groups and foster competitive marketing of locally produced fruit products, including through training in harvest and post-harvest handling and quality control skills.

The project is expected to improve the livelihoods of more than 2500 beneficies in the project area. This will be achieved in a number of ways, including: enabling the beneficiary young farmers to increase production of fruit and other vegetable crops for sale in the local markets in order to increase the GHJMC project incomes and to achieve domestic food self-sufficiency and improved nutrition, which will in turn result in better health and increased economic productive capacity and better academic performance of OVC at schools. The project will also act as a catalyst for the local people to engage in similar farm economic activities, community development initiatives and social networks that would further improve their well-being and self-esteem. It is hoped that the project will serve as a model in greater Masaka and that a follow-up project will be developed building on the experience, gained.

4. PROJECT DESCRIPTION
A. Project Scope

This project is implemented by garden of justice mission for children in greater Masaka district ie, Masaka,Lwengo,Rakai,Lyantonde,Ssembabule,Bukomansimbi,Kalungu,Kalangala district to engage in or upscale integrated fruit and vegetable growing and agro forestry activities for improved food security and income generation for the GHJMC members with minimum environmental risks. It seeks to foster income diversification and increased food production for self-sufficiency in terms of dietary and nutritional needs.

The project to be executed in close collaboration with the local people, District Forest Office, the Agriculture Office, District Farmers Association, local councils (LCs) administration and relevant agencies, including the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS).

The project will promote a wide range of strategies to assist and empower young farmers to address the above-mentioned barriers and other emerging needs. Pupils (OVC) will be encouraged and assisted to transform subsistence farming practices into economically viable fruit agro-businesses, including: fruit tree farming, vegetable growing and crop production. Depending on the specific needs and preferences of the different farming groups, the project will promote the growing of fruits and vegetables (including: pineapples, tomatoes, onion, egg plant, cabbage, cucumber, green pepper, , carrots, pumpkin and water melon among others.

.

Specifically, the project will assist the 2500 vulnerable students and teachers and their families to:

a) Access improved (high-yielding, quick maturing or pest-resistant) seeds of crop vegetable varieties and fruits that are adapted to local conditions and ecological sustainability, including seasonal vegetables and fruits including: avocados, mangos, guava, citrus, jack fruit and papaya.

b) Gain access to agricultural inputs (including fertilizers and pesticides) necessary to enhance crop production and appropriately use them;

c) Adopt appropriate agricultural technologies and farming practices (including techniques for sustainable soil and water management, integrated pest management, weed control etc)

d) Access credit to buy basic farming tools and equipment (including spray pumps, watering cans, etc) and improved storage equipment and facilities (including refrigerators);

e) Enhance the quality of the agricultural products by improving post-harvest processing, handling and storage, including through training in efficient processing and appropriate handling practices for different agricultural products and quality control systems and technologies (e.g. refrigerated transportation and storage);

f) Add value to their produce including through small-scale agro-processing.

g) Access and maximize new and existing markets for their produce, including: fresh vegetables, fruits, and other products.

h) Undergo training in sustainable agricultural practices and small scale agri-business (including produce marketing skills).

i) Access relevant information for increased production and access to better markets.

B. Project area

The project will be implemented in greater Masaka, District.

Greater Masaka is covering central and southern areas of Uganda, the project offices are found at Kyabakuza, Masaka municipality about 130 km from Kampala city. Greater masaka is made up of 8 districts namely; Masaka,Lwengo,Rakai,Lyantonde,Ssembabule,Bukomansimbi,Kalungu,Kalangala district.
Mean annual rainfall is approximately 1 250 mm occurring on 100-130 days per annum and is mainly associated with the equatorial troughs in April-May and September-November. The soils are predominantly ferralitic with reddish brown sandy loams.

Greater Masaka District had a population of about 20,000 at the last population census in 2012 and was growing at a rate of 3.5 percent per year which is well above the national average of 2.5 per year. It is one of the most densely populated districts of Uganda with about 200 people km2. The population situation is aggravated by the polygamous nature of many of the families leading to family sizes above the national average of seven, 95.4 percent of the population of the District is considered rural and 85.3 percent of all households depend on subsistence farming as a source of livelihood, only 6.5 percent being involved in other trades.

Small-scale subsistence agriculture occupies 3 949 km2 while large-scale farming occupies only 19.4 km2. The farm holdings average two hectares supporting an average family of eight people. A wide variety of crops are grown under traditional farming systems to provide food and income, the most important of which are sweet potatoes, cassava, maize, bananas, rice, yams, arrowroot, millet, sorghum, beans, pea nuts, soya beans, simsim, tomatoes, cabbages, pineapples, and the traditional cash crops coffee. A typical farm of a peasant in the District comprises of some perennial crops like coffee and bananas with fruit trees (orange, mangoes, avocados, jack fruit and papaya) and shade trees like Ficus natalensis and Albizia sp. grown adjoining the homestead in an area constituting approximately 25 percent of the total land holding. The rest of the land is usually under annual crops and fallow. Families keep small numbers of livestock ranging from 1-10 heads of cattle, 2-10 goats, 2-4 sheep, 1-5 pigs and over 10 chickens. The traditional farming systems employed by the farmers are rain fed and integrate trees with crops and livestock production on the same piece of land under many combinations and rotations. The major source of agriculture labour is the family comprising of husband, wife, children and any other dependants from the extended family that may be living in the homestead. Simple agriculture tools such as the hand hoe, machete, axe, slashers and spade are used. Almost all farmers use their own seed saved from the previous season except for cotton.

By 2014, many farmers in the some districts like Ssembabule, Rakai, Lwengo and Lyantonde were faced with a problem of increasing vulnerability characterized by high poverty levels (above the national average of 45 percent living below the poverty level of one dollar per day) and food insecurity. The causes are many and include among others:

• The rapidly growing rural population has expanded the frontiers of agriculture into natural forest and wetland ecosystems. The Districts now experiences more frequent local droughts, faster drying up of water springs during the dry season and fuel wood scarcity is now a serious problem.

• The degradation of the natural resource base due to inappropriate agriculture farming practices such as short natural fallows, slash-and-burn, over grazing, monoculture and misuse of agrochemicals, resulting into low crop yields and degraded pastures.

• An increasing scarcity of fuel wood, 95 percent of the energy consumed in these districts is provided by woody biomass, including mostly fire wood and charcoal production for cooking, lighting in households and fish processing. Energy has become a very critical issue in the community as sources of woody biomass are fast getting depleted and agricultural biomass, which would have been used to replenish soil fertility, is also being used for fuel.

• Expensive and often inappropriate agriculture inputs.
• Inaccessible and/or inappropriate extension services.
• Poor marketing systems.
• Lack of access to credit.
• Pronounced gender inequality.

C. Indirect project Beneficiaries
More than 10,000 people are expected to benefit indirectly from the project. These will include: participants in the awareness seminars and workshops, local people who will visit the project initiatives and uptake the knowledge and those who will be inspired by the project activities, learn from the participating young farmers and adopt the modern appropriate practices. As well as members of the participating households who will benefit from the improved food security, nutrition and household incomes.

D. Project Goal,mission and Objectives

The goal of the project is to contribute to the eradication of poverty, food insecurity and fostering a lasting high quality of life for the school pupils (OVC) and teachers of GHJMC in greater Masaka while safeguarding long-term environmental sustainability by growing fruits (including fruit and multi-purpose trees) and promoting agroforestry systems.

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Mission:
Its mission is: “planting fruit trees for healthier populations and better environment”.

The medium-term development goal of the project is to enhance the ability of farmers in greater Masaka to increase and sustain agricultural production for improved household food security, nutrition and income generation while at the same time safeguarding the environment by adopting sustainable agricultural practices and appropriate technologies.

5. KEY SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Community based schools and social indicators will focus on measuring effectiveness in engaging the community in participatory project activities, adoption of best practices and tangible benefits derived from project activities which contribute to improved livelihoods, food security and incomes and environmental conservation. Key indicators could include:
(a) number of pupils ( OVCS by gender) actively involved in fruit growing agriculture practices;
(b)pupils involved in and maintaining project initiated, benefit-generating activities; and
(c) crop productivity and food security
(d) number of members actively involved in tree growing and planting;
(e) proportion of income from non-farm sources including project activities and proportion from traditional sources, farm profits, and household income per capita.

6. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION

A. Project phases

The project will be implemented for 25 years in three main phases, namely: the preparatory phase, the implementation phase and the evaluation and reporting phase.

The preparatory phase first year will involve establishment of the project steering committee, recruitment of the Project staff, procurement of project equipment and, schools/community mobilization and initial awareness-raising.

During the implementation phase (2-5 years), a series of activities will be undertaken, including assisting young farmers to: access improved seeds, seedlings; acquire the necessary farm inputs; establish group gardens, and other agro-enterprises; and to adopt modern agricultural technologies and farming practices. The second phase will also include most of the awareness and capacity-building activities including: the production of awareness materials; the seminars and training workshops; the organization of short intensive course and on-job training for the local extension workers; establishment of the demonstration sites at school; farmer-to-farm visits; and the on-farm extension support including assisting young farmers to establish tree nurseries and plant trees on their own. The last phase will involve evaluation and reporting.

The final phase (5-25 years) of the project will include evaluation and reporting activities, including the compilation of case studies, the shooting of the final documentary video about the project and the preparation and dissemination of the final evaluation report of the project and recycle.

B. Responsibilities of the project beneficiaries

garden of Honor Justice Mission for Children will be expected to provide land, skilled and un skilled labour worth 30% of the total project coast.

C. Responsibilities of implementing partners

The lead implementing partners will be responsible for assisting the participating beneficiaries to identify and purchase, at their cost the desired farm inputs and equipment such as farm ploughs, spray pumps, wheelbarrows, and refrigerators among others. They will also organise all the training activities, procure the training materials, mobilise the resource persons, organise the study tours and offer extension services upon request.

The project management team will adopt a school/community-based, demand-driven approach where schools/community members will be involved in all stages of the project from planning through choosing crops to grow and trees to plant; and, become fully responsible for operation and maintenance (O&M) of their undertakings. The project will assist the groups to, among other things:
(1) establish management structures for the organisation;
(2) define the responsibilities of the different stakeholders,
(3) open bank account; and
(4) raise awareness among members and clarify goals, objectives and activities of the organisation and benefits of becoming members.
7. PROJECT COORDINATION AND MANAGEMENT

The Project will be implemented in close collaboration with the schools/ communities beneficiaries’ and leaders (Local Councils) and relevant government authorities/ institutions like NAADS.

A Project Steering Committee will be established to provide overall oversight, guidance and direction for the project. It will consist of seven members(pupils), including: Teachers, one local authority official (i.e. the LC 1 Chairperson or any other selected LC member), two community representatives (two ladies), , a donor representative and the project Coordinator (ex-official/Secretary). Members will choose a chair amongst themselves. The Steering Committee will meet at least twice in the year to review progress of the project implementation, consider and approve work plans, review financial reports and address any project issues that require policy-level direction and guidance.

A project management unit will be established in GHJMC organisation to undertake the day-to-day implementation of the project. The unit will be composed of a full-time Project Coordinator and an Agricultural Extension / community forest Assistant with experience in organic agriculture practices/community forestry and a full-time Administrative/Accounts Assistant.

At the end of the 25 years of the project, it is expected that the beneficiaries will be able to sustain their efforts with out direct support from donors. Major training and awareness interventions will be aimed at creating primary beneficiary and school(s) level independence and cooperation.

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8. MONITORING AND EVALUATION (M&E)

The progress of the project will be monitored through periodic assessments against the project outputs and indicators set out in the monitoring and evaluation plan contained in Annex II. Semi-annual progress reports will be prepared by the project coordinator and submitted to the Steering Committee, the donor(s) and relevant government authorities. The reports will, inter alia, outline the activities undertaken, the achievements made, the constraints encountered and the lessons learned. An annual financial and management audit report will be undertaken as part of the normal internal process of the project.

A participatory monitoring and reporting system supported will be used to assess the progress and impact of the project. The project beneficiaries will be asked to provide feedback to the project management team regarding positive aspects and any shortcomings in the project implementation. Anecdotes from the project beneficiaries about their experience in fruit growing and agroforestry practices and overall perceived benefits (e.g. changes in lifestyle/ quality of life and in GHJMC’s incomes, improvements in nutrition and food security, etc) will be compiled through informal interviews.

On the basis the progress reports and the feedback received from the orphan pupils, necessary adjustments to the project will be identified and recommended to the Project Steering Committee for consideration. The final evaluation of the project will be undertaken by an independent consultant during the last two months of every year of the project.

Information about the progress of the project and will be published in the semi-annual newsletter produced by GHJMC and or the community association. A video documentary about the project, featuring aspects of the implementation process, the results and impact the project on the community and the general lessons learned will be produced for both reporting and outreach purposes.

A. Risks

The most substantial risk to the project goal and purpose is that the capacity at the local level is insufficient to adequately manage the project tasks. This risk will be addressed through substantial investment of project resources in capacity building and strengthening and volunteer training. Another moderate risk relates to severe drought or floods in the project area that may prevent gains in output and income. Measures that will be undertaken are the promotion of sustainable land management practices that specifically address adaptation to climate variability, and land use planning that analyzes zones of vulnerability and develops local strategies for adaptation to these risks.

B. Project Sustainability

The sustainability of the project rests upon several key factors. Firstly, the project design places major emphasis on capacity building and process strengthening. Overall, the objective is to ensure that at the end of the implementation period, all major project stakeholders including beneficiaries and local council administrations have all increased their capacity to support fruit tree growing and planting of trees including agroforestry practices. This objective renders the success of the process aspect of the project of almost as great importance as the immediate project development objective of poverty reduction.

Secondly, the project design does include a project implementation strategy, for example: The project management will encourage and facilitate the beneficiaries of the project to form groups and constitute themselves into a Community Association, which provides opportunities to further manage the project after its official closure. Beneficiaries will be encouraged to participate in selecting what kind of fruit, vegetables and trees they would like to grow to ensure sustainability.

Thirdly, project funds will be used to ensure productivity of key resources more so land, which results in objectively verifiable benefits. This will, in turn, provide a long term basis for vulnerability reduction among the poor and strengthen their ability to focus beyond immediate subsistence needs.

Project staff, community leaders and members, including beneficiaries and volunteers that will participate in baseline surveys will contribute to enhanced local capacity to continue to apply and refine project methods and extend results and lessons learned to other areas.

By involving the community in all stages of the project from planning, designing, and finally operation and maintenance will help ensure sustainability of the project. To guarantee suitability and sustainability, the Project will pay special attention to assessing and meeting demand at all levels.

C. Replicability

The potential for replication of the project is considered to be high. Due to the innovative approach in which fruit and multi purpose tree growing is closely linked to current poverty levels, incomes and food security including environmental conservation, the project encompasses only the schools of GHJMC, greater Masaka . Successful implementation, both in terms of poverty reduction outcomes as well as the mainstreaming of beneficiary support processes, would provide a strong argument for replication of the project into other areas within greater Masaka districts including surrounding areas. A replication strategy and action plan would be prepared before end of project and reviewed by all key stakeholders. The plan would identify the main lessons learned from the first year of implementation, assess progress and capacity of schools in greater Masaka to carry out project activities, as well as resources required to carry out these activities and potential sources.

d.Social impacts

The project will have substantial social benefits and no adverse social impacts. It is expected to make an important positive contribution to community environmental conservation, tree and forest resource management, income generation, food security and access to other tree resources such as wood and fodder thus reducing the impact of the lack of and adequate access to forestry resources on people’s livelihoods. The project will make important contributions to providing incomes to beneficiaries as a poverty alleviation strategy and provide for an important opportunity for the beneficiaries to gainfully participate in community and national development.

Specific benefits include:
(a) alleviate poverty, hunger and boost nutrition;
(b) increase the capacity of the community to address causes of socio-economic problems including natural resource management;
(c) strengthening social cohesion and fostering the emergence of community-based activities. Women are the most vulnerable as far as the project is concerned. These will benefit in terms of nutrition, increased household and personal incomes and provide a buffer to food insecurity; increase overall diversity in livelihoods and address economic, social and environmental concerns in a holistic and uniting fashion. The project’s importance showcases household’ livelihoods as far as community forest resources are concerned, specifically to women due to a number of socio-economic factors that include gender division of labour, low incomes, food security and desire to earn personal income.

9. BUDGET

The project will cost a total of Uganda Shillings 164,132,650/= ($65653.06) over a period of the first 4 years. A detailed budget is presented in Annex III.

ANNEX I: WORK PLAN

The project will be implemented for a period of 25 years (December2016-December 2041). Major undertakings will include the following:

i. Mobilisation and Identify Beneficiaries to participate in the project (December 2016)

ii. Establishment of operational office and a Community Project Committee to oversee and sanction the project (December 2016-january 2017)

iii. Carry out major sensitisation and training including sensitisation seminar for Local council leaders in Nabitende; and an orientation workshop for beneficiaries (December-January 2018 and 2019) and Preparation and dissemination of at least 5,000 awareness materials.

iv. Organise beneficiaries into 8 groups and further train them in group dynamics.

v. Purchase and distribute high value seeds and planting materials (January-June 2017) as well as basic farming equipment

vi. Field extension advice and support to establish gardens including a demonstration plot for out reach purposes(January-Sept 2018)

vii. Identifying and training of 5 local volunteers/facilitators and place them on the job training (December 2012)

viii. Training of beneficiaries in post harvest handling, marketing practices as well as best crop growing practices (June- Nov 2019)

ix. Identify potential markets for farmers produce (2019- 2020)

x. Mid term project reviews (2025)

xi. Organise beneficiaries into a Community association ( January-2016)

xii. Final project evaluation (April-May 2041) and producing final report.

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ANNEX II: MONITORING AND EVALUATION LOGFRAME

ANNEX III: DETAILED BUDGET FOR THE PROJECT: GARDEN OF HONOR JUSTICE MISSION FOR CHILDREN (GHJMC) SUSTAINABLE INTEGRATED FRUIT TREE GROWING (GREEN UGANDA VS NUTRITION AND CHILDREN’S HEALTH) PROJECT PROJECT (DECEMBER 2016 – DECEMBER 2020)



 

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